What is dragon fruit ?

Although the source of dragon fruit belonging to the cactus family is Mexico, it has gained wide popularity in our country lately. The cultivation of this fruit was first started in Gujarat in this country. Dragon fruit is a type of cactus national perennial evergreen vine. This tree has no leaves. Dragon fruit trees are usually 1.5 to 2.5 meters tall. The fruits are large in size, the skin of the skin becomes red when ripe, the shell is dark pink, red and white and juicy in nature. The fruit shell contains numerous small black seeds and they are soft. Each fruit weighs from 150 grams to 600 grams. Not only table fruits but also various processed foods are made from these fruits through food processing.


This fruit is rich in taste and nutrition. Dragon fruit is rich in vitamin C, mineral salts, high fiber and rich in antioxidants. The result also contains fat, carotene, plenty of phosphorus, ascorbic acid, protein, calcium, iron. For this reason it is also called wonder foreign fruit

Importance of dragon fruit:

  1. Being rich in carotene keeps the eyes well.
  2. High in fiber helps in digestion. Fiber also reduces body fat.
  3. The resulting protein helps the body’s metabolism.
  4. Calcium strengthens bones and keeps teeth strong.
  5. Vitamin B-3 lowers blood cholesterol and keeps skin smooth.
  6. Vitamin C boosts the body’s immune system and helps keep skin, teeth and hair healthy.
  7. It contains a lot of iron and eliminates blood emptiness.
  8. Dragon fruit contains flavonoids, phenolic acid and antioxidants called betasyanin, which kill cancer cells.
  9. Fat-free and fiber-rich dragon fruit is very beneficial for weight control.


Clove is a plant grown in parts of Asia and South America. People use the oils, dried flower buds, leaves, and stems to make medicine. … In foods and beverages, clove is used as a flavoring. In manufacturing, clove is used in toothpaste, soaps, cosmetics, perfumes, and cigarettes. Clove is an aromatic dried flower bud of an evergreen tree. Cloves belong to Myrtaceae family and are native to India and Indonesia. Clove has been used as a spice in India and clove is an evergreen tree of humid tropical climates. In India, clove can be grown in all the areas of the country except in the coastal sandy belt area.

But hilly tracts of the Western Ghats and the red soils of Kerala are most and best suitable for clove cultivation. It has very good demand in local as well as in the international markets due to its health benefits some the clove health benefits are listed below:


Commonly known as Water Apple or Java Apple in the rest of the world, Bengal knows this fruit as the good old Jamrul. The Jamrul originated from the region between Malaysia and the Andaman & Nicobar Islands, where they grow as wild trees in the coastal forests


Java apples grow well in the fertile soils of India. It is an extra tropical fruit and thrives at elevations less than 4,000 ft and requires a long dry season. Java apple growing states are Andhra Pradesh, Kerala and the Western Ghats. Java apples are a summer fruit, ripening from May through June.


Available in different colors, capsicum is used across the world in many different types of dishes. The vegetable, which is also known as bell pepper, originated in tropical America and has been used as a medicine because of its medicinal properties. It is low in fat and is a remedy for many diseases. The vegetable is one of the best sources of carotenoids like beta-cryptoxanthin, zeaxanthin and lutein. It is also rich in vitamins, minerals and other nutrients. Here is a list of some of the health benefits of eating capsicum.


Health Benefits of Capsicum: 7 amazing benefits of capsicum
  • Good for your heart. Lycopene, a phytonutrient, in the red capsicum keeps your heart healthy. …
  • Improves metabolism. …
  • Lowers the risk of cancer. …
  • Antioxidant Properties. …
  • Improves immunity. …
  • Relieves pain. …
  • Cures iron deficiency


What Is Allspice?

The name might suggest it is a blend, but allspice is a single spice made from dried berries of the allspice tree which look like peppercorns.

Whole vs. Ground

Allspice can be used in ground form or whole. Once ground, allspice quickly can lose its pungency. Ground spices are more intense than whole cloves or berries. Whole allspice berries are sometimes used in stews and soups, and for pickling and brining. You will certainly have better success using the ground version in desserts, such as pumpkin cake or pie, spice cakes, and gingerbread.

What Does It Taste Like?

Allspice combines the flavors of cinnamon, nutmeg, cloves, and pepper. It can be used for many purposes that those warm spices are used, or as a substitute for them.


When you are eating fruit at this time of summer, you can eat Malta in many ways, for many reasons. As delicious as Malta fruit is, it has many qualities.


Malta has very few calories. So you can eat as you wish. On the one hand, it not only nourishes you more than the sherbet made with sugar, but also gives you the freedom to eat as you wish. Malta helps reduce the levels of harmful cholesterol in the body. You can choose to fill all the deficiencies of vitamin C.

Malta regulates blood glucose levels. So those who have diabetes, but they can eat without hesitation. Maltese hesperidine and magnesium help control high blood pressure. So it is a beneficial fruit for such patients.

It is a vitamin ‘C’ rich fruit, which is antioxidant-rich. Vitamin C increases the number of white blood cells in the blood, which strengthens the body’s immune system. So Malta plays a very helpful role for people suffering from anemia. Malta contains a type of fiber called pectin, which helps prevent colon cancer.

Playing Malta regularly will keep the skin vibrant and it will free you from skin wrinkles. He will also do the work of maintaining elegance. Malta helps prevent infection. It cures inflammatory diseases.


Apple kul has become famous It is a small shrub usually with thorny branches and Huge productive. … Malic acid present in apples which helps in cleaning the stains affecting the teeth. Indian jujube is a  tropical fruit tree with common names Ber fruit or Indian Jujube or Chinese apple. Indian Jujube Apple is a Thailand variety .This fruit tastes very sweet. This is drought-resistant plants grow best in areas with long, hot summers. Indian jujube is rich in Vitamin C, also used in Ayurveda.


Introduction : Custard Apple ( Annuna squmos L.) is one of the finest fruits introduced in India from tropical America. It is also found in wild form in many parts of India. It is cultivated in Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Bihar, Orissa, Assam, and Tamil Nadu. Besides India, it is common in China, Phillippines, Egypt and Central Africa.

Importance: It is very hardy, medium in growth and decidious in nature. The fruits are generally used as fresh, while some products or mixed fruits like custard powders, ice-creams are prepared from the fruits. Besides high nutritive value, it has also a high medicinal value. Unripe fruits, seeds, leaves and roots are considered and used in medicinal preparations.

Climate: All annonas are tropical in origin and grow well in hot and dry climate with varying degrees of difference. Custard Apple requires hot dry climate during flowering and high humidity at fruit setting. Flowering comes during hot dry climate of May but fruit setting takes place on onset of monsoon. Low humidity is harmful for pollination and fertilization. The Custard Apple withstands drought conditions cloudy weather and also when the temperatures go below 15 deg.cent. Annual rainfall of 50-80 cm is optimum, though it can withstand higher rainfall.

Soil: The Custard Apple is not very particular about soil conditions and flourishes in all types of soils like shallow, sandy, but fails to grow if the subsoil is ill drained. It can grow well in deep black soils provided they are well drained. A little salinity or acidity does not affect it but alkalinity, chlorine, poor drainage or marshy-wet lands hamper the growth and fruiting.


India is the largest producer of bananas. It produces more bananas in a year than the rest of the world produces for export. Most of the bananas grown in India are for the domestic market. Even though more than half of the bananas produced in India are Cavendish cultivars, the country is host to a wide diversity of bananas.

Bananas are both grown in homestead gardens and cultivated commercially on large areas. Commercial production is largely dependant on irrigation whereas subsistence cultivation is practiced under rain-fed conditions.

Banana can be processed into different value-added products. Banana puree is used in dairy products, bakery, beverage and baby food. Banana flour is increasingly used in foods like chapathies and bread.

Plantains are usually processed into chips and the peel can be used in pickles. The male bud can also be pickled. The process has been transferred to several entrepreneurs for commercialization.


The largest citrus fruit tree, that also produces the largest of citrus fruits, is the Pumello.

A common tree in the backyards and containers of Salt Lake houses, the fruit is native to south and south east Asia. Its Bengali name “Batabi lebu” is probably a modification of the word “Batavia”, which is the old name of Jakarta and suggests that its origin is the Indonesian island Java where Jakarta lies.

Scientifically known as Citrus grandis, the Pumello looks like a Grape Fruit, generally six to eight inches in diameter and weighs between one and 2kg.

It is usually pale green to yellow when ripe with sweet white to pink pulp and a very thick rind. The tree usually produces a large number of flowers in spring, but most of them fall off so that the remaining flowers can bear fruit. In Bengal, common varieties of the fruit are Krishnagar 1, Krishnagar 3, Assembly and Duncan Omorse.

Cultivation: Like other citrus trees, the Pumello grows well in tropical climates. It is also capable of adapting to dry weather with high rainfall.

It can be grown on a wide range of soils but rich sandy loam soils are ideal. Salt Lake soil is good for growing Pumello.

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