Adeniums Cultivation is not very popular in India. The main reason is lack of awareness about Adeniums cultivation. Adeniums cultivation have become a difficult task for the normal nursery men and individual plant growers as they treat the Adeniums as any other garden plant. They commit the mistake of over watering the Adeniums, growing them in shade, not pruning  the Adeniums, not exposing the caudex of Adeniums as it grows, using the common garden mixture of soil like red soil, clay soil resulting in rotting of Adeniums roots and letting the Adeniums to die.

Another important reason is very few growers of Adeniums who were cultivating Adeniums in India for decades not sharing the knowledge of cultivating and pricing the Adeniums at exorbitant  and fancy prices. So many people could not buy, grow, and cultivate the different varieties of Adeniums.

In India Adeniums cultivation is at least 2 decades lagging behind Thai Adeniums growers, Indonesian Adeniums growers, Taiwan & Chinese Adeniums cultivators.


Rose flowers are generally cultivated by using the seeds, budding and cuttings but most of the farmers are planting rose flower by using seeds. In rose farming business, first of all, plow the soil for making it weed free and tilth soil. … You can approximately be planting the 4000 rose plant in a one-acre land.

Rose farming is the most profitable business for farmers. In India it is grown in Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal, Maharashtra, Haryana, Gujarat, Punjab, Jammu and Kashmir, Madhya Pradesh and Andhra Pradesh are the major Rose farming states.
Roses are best planted in the spring (after the last frost) or in fall (at least six weeks before your average first frost). Planting early enough in fall gives the roots enough time to get established before the plants go dormant over the winter.


Most cultivated orchids are native to the tropics. In their natural habitat, they attach themselves to the bark of trees, or the surface of other plants. Their thick, white roots are specially adapted to absorb moisture and dissolved nutrients. Because these tropical orchids usually grow high in the trees, rather than on the forest floor, they are accustomed to good air circulation and plenty of light. They prefer a 12-hour day, all year-round, and require a high intensity of light — about the same as midsummer conditions in temperate regions.

Orchids are usually grouped into two broad categories that characterize their growth habits. Monopodial orchids have a single, upright stem, with leaves arranged opposite each other along the stem. The flower stem appears from the base of the uppermost leaves. Orchids with this growth habit include the phalaenopsis and vandas.

The more common growth habit is sympodial. These orchids grow horizontally, sending out new shoots from the old rhizome. Leaves and flower scapes form at the top of the new shoots. Many sympodial orchids form pseudobulbs, which are swollen shoots that store water and nutrients to help the plant survive periods of prolonged drought. Sympodial orchids include cattleya, cymbidium, oncidium and dendrobium.

Orchids can also be classified by their native habitat, which gives an indication of the temperature, moisture and light levels they prefer. Orchids native to the humid tropics, such as phalaenopsis and paphiopedilum, prefer daytime temperatures of 73° to 85°F, with 80 to 90 percent humidity. They are happiest in an east or southeast window where the light is not too intense.

Warm-climate orchids, including cymbidiums and dendrobiums, are accustomed to an average temperature of 55° to 70°F, a steady supply of moisture, and good air circulation. They are generally happy in a south-facing window, though they may need a little shading during high summer.


Gerbera is an important commercial cut flower crop. Gerbera flowers have a wide range of colors, including yellow, orange, cream-white, pink, brick red, red color, terracotta, and various other intermediate colors. Sometimes in double varieties, bicolor flowers are beautiful; Gerbera flower stalks are long, thin, and leafy.

In Greenhouse Gerbera cultivated in Soil or Soilless media ( coco peat). Both have their own advantage & limitation.

  1. Gerbera cultivation cost increase in soilless media is around 30-30%.
  2. Production is higher in soilless media compare to soil media.
  3. Required very close monitoring.
  4. Soilless media is suitable for a large area of more than 2 Acre.
  5. In India, mostly soil media is preferred for gerbera cultivation due to electricity & irrigated water quality.

The major  Gerbera producing states in India are  Maharashtra, Karnataka, Gujarat, Tamilnadu, West Bengal, and Himachal Pradesh.