What is dragon fruit ?

Although the source of dragon fruit belonging to the cactus family is Mexico, it has gained wide popularity in our country lately. The cultivation of this fruit was first started in Gujarat in this country. Dragon fruit is a type of cactus national perennial evergreen vine. This tree has no leaves. Dragon fruit trees are usually 1.5 to 2.5 meters tall. The fruits are large in size, the skin of the skin becomes red when ripe, the shell is dark pink, red and white and juicy in nature. The fruit shell contains numerous small black seeds and they are soft. Each fruit weighs from 150 grams to 600 grams. Not only table fruits but also various processed foods are made from these fruits through food processing.


This fruit is rich in taste and nutrition. Dragon fruit is rich in vitamin C, mineral salts, high fiber and rich in antioxidants. The result also contains fat, carotene, plenty of phosphorus, ascorbic acid, protein, calcium, iron. For this reason it is also called wonder foreign fruit

Importance of dragon fruit:

  1. Being rich in carotene keeps the eyes well.
  2. High in fiber helps in digestion. Fiber also reduces body fat.
  3. The resulting protein helps the body’s metabolism.
  4. Calcium strengthens bones and keeps teeth strong.
  5. Vitamin B-3 lowers blood cholesterol and keeps skin smooth.
  6. Vitamin C boosts the body’s immune system and helps keep skin, teeth and hair healthy.
  7. It contains a lot of iron and eliminates blood emptiness.
  8. Dragon fruit contains flavonoids, phenolic acid and antioxidants called betasyanin, which kill cancer cells.
  9. Fat-free and fiber-rich dragon fruit is very beneficial for weight control.


Adeniums Cultivation is not very popular in India. The main reason is lack of awareness about Adeniums cultivation. Adeniums cultivation have become a difficult task for the normal nursery men and individual plant growers as they treat the Adeniums as any other garden plant. They commit the mistake of over watering the Adeniums, growing them in shade, not pruning  the Adeniums, not exposing the caudex of Adeniums as it grows, using the common garden mixture of soil like red soil, clay soil resulting in rotting of Adeniums roots and letting the Adeniums to die.

Another important reason is very few growers of Adeniums who were cultivating Adeniums in India for decades not sharing the knowledge of cultivating and pricing the Adeniums at exorbitant  and fancy prices. So many people could not buy, grow, and cultivate the different varieties of Adeniums.

In India Adeniums cultivation is at least 2 decades lagging behind Thai Adeniums growers, Indonesian Adeniums growers, Taiwan & Chinese Adeniums cultivators.


Rose flowers are generally cultivated by using the seeds, budding and cuttings but most of the farmers are planting rose flower by using seeds. In rose farming business, first of all, plow the soil for making it weed free and tilth soil. … You can approximately be planting the 4000 rose plant in a one-acre land.

Rose farming is the most profitable business for farmers. In India it is grown in Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal, Maharashtra, Haryana, Gujarat, Punjab, Jammu and Kashmir, Madhya Pradesh and Andhra Pradesh are the major Rose farming states.
Roses are best planted in the spring (after the last frost) or in fall (at least six weeks before your average first frost). Planting early enough in fall gives the roots enough time to get established before the plants go dormant over the winter.


Most cultivated orchids are native to the tropics. In their natural habitat, they attach themselves to the bark of trees, or the surface of other plants. Their thick, white roots are specially adapted to absorb moisture and dissolved nutrients. Because these tropical orchids usually grow high in the trees, rather than on the forest floor, they are accustomed to good air circulation and plenty of light. They prefer a 12-hour day, all year-round, and require a high intensity of light — about the same as midsummer conditions in temperate regions.

Orchids are usually grouped into two broad categories that characterize their growth habits. Monopodial orchids have a single, upright stem, with leaves arranged opposite each other along the stem. The flower stem appears from the base of the uppermost leaves. Orchids with this growth habit include the phalaenopsis and vandas.

The more common growth habit is sympodial. These orchids grow horizontally, sending out new shoots from the old rhizome. Leaves and flower scapes form at the top of the new shoots. Many sympodial orchids form pseudobulbs, which are swollen shoots that store water and nutrients to help the plant survive periods of prolonged drought. Sympodial orchids include cattleya, cymbidium, oncidium and dendrobium.

Orchids can also be classified by their native habitat, which gives an indication of the temperature, moisture and light levels they prefer. Orchids native to the humid tropics, such as phalaenopsis and paphiopedilum, prefer daytime temperatures of 73° to 85°F, with 80 to 90 percent humidity. They are happiest in an east or southeast window where the light is not too intense.

Warm-climate orchids, including cymbidiums and dendrobiums, are accustomed to an average temperature of 55° to 70°F, a steady supply of moisture, and good air circulation. They are generally happy in a south-facing window, though they may need a little shading during high summer.


Gerbera is an important commercial cut flower crop. Gerbera flowers have a wide range of colors, including yellow, orange, cream-white, pink, brick red, red color, terracotta, and various other intermediate colors. Sometimes in double varieties, bicolor flowers are beautiful; Gerbera flower stalks are long, thin, and leafy.

In Greenhouse Gerbera cultivated in Soil or Soilless media ( coco peat). Both have their own advantage & limitation.

  1. Gerbera cultivation cost increase in soilless media is around 30-30%.
  2. Production is higher in soilless media compare to soil media.
  3. Required very close monitoring.
  4. Soilless media is suitable for a large area of more than 2 Acre.
  5. In India, mostly soil media is preferred for gerbera cultivation due to electricity & irrigated water quality.

The major  Gerbera producing states in India are  Maharashtra, Karnataka, Gujarat, Tamilnadu, West Bengal, and Himachal Pradesh.




Clove is a plant grown in parts of Asia and South America. People use the oils, dried flower buds, leaves, and stems to make medicine. … In foods and beverages, clove is used as a flavoring. In manufacturing, clove is used in toothpaste, soaps, cosmetics, perfumes, and cigarettes. Clove is an aromatic dried flower bud of an evergreen tree. Cloves belong to Myrtaceae family and are native to India and Indonesia. Clove has been used as a spice in India and clove is an evergreen tree of humid tropical climates. In India, clove can be grown in all the areas of the country except in the coastal sandy belt area.

But hilly tracts of the Western Ghats and the red soils of Kerala are most and best suitable for clove cultivation. It has very good demand in local as well as in the international markets due to its health benefits some the clove health benefits are listed below:


Commonly known as Water Apple or Java Apple in the rest of the world, Bengal knows this fruit as the good old Jamrul. The Jamrul originated from the region between Malaysia and the Andaman & Nicobar Islands, where they grow as wild trees in the coastal forests


Java apples grow well in the fertile soils of India. It is an extra tropical fruit and thrives at elevations less than 4,000 ft and requires a long dry season. Java apple growing states are Andhra Pradesh, Kerala and the Western Ghats. Java apples are a summer fruit, ripening from May through June.


Available in different colors, capsicum is used across the world in many different types of dishes. The vegetable, which is also known as bell pepper, originated in tropical America and has been used as a medicine because of its medicinal properties. It is low in fat and is a remedy for many diseases. The vegetable is one of the best sources of carotenoids like beta-cryptoxanthin, zeaxanthin and lutein. It is also rich in vitamins, minerals and other nutrients. Here is a list of some of the health benefits of eating capsicum.


Health Benefits of Capsicum: 7 amazing benefits of capsicum
  • Good for your heart. Lycopene, a phytonutrient, in the red capsicum keeps your heart healthy. …
  • Improves metabolism. …
  • Lowers the risk of cancer. …
  • Antioxidant Properties. …
  • Improves immunity. …
  • Relieves pain. …
  • Cures iron deficiency


What Is Allspice?

The name might suggest it is a blend, but allspice is a single spice made from dried berries of the allspice tree which look like peppercorns.

Whole vs. Ground

Allspice can be used in ground form or whole. Once ground, allspice quickly can lose its pungency. Ground spices are more intense than whole cloves or berries. Whole allspice berries are sometimes used in stews and soups, and for pickling and brining. You will certainly have better success using the ground version in desserts, such as pumpkin cake or pie, spice cakes, and gingerbread.

What Does It Taste Like?

Allspice combines the flavors of cinnamon, nutmeg, cloves, and pepper. It can be used for many purposes that those warm spices are used, or as a substitute for them.


When you are eating fruit at this time of summer, you can eat Malta in many ways, for many reasons. As delicious as Malta fruit is, it has many qualities.


Malta has very few calories. So you can eat as you wish. On the one hand, it not only nourishes you more than the sherbet made with sugar, but also gives you the freedom to eat as you wish. Malta helps reduce the levels of harmful cholesterol in the body. You can choose to fill all the deficiencies of vitamin C.

Malta regulates blood glucose levels. So those who have diabetes, but they can eat without hesitation. Maltese hesperidine and magnesium help control high blood pressure. So it is a beneficial fruit for such patients.

It is a vitamin ‘C’ rich fruit, which is antioxidant-rich. Vitamin C increases the number of white blood cells in the blood, which strengthens the body’s immune system. So Malta plays a very helpful role for people suffering from anemia. Malta contains a type of fiber called pectin, which helps prevent colon cancer.

Playing Malta regularly will keep the skin vibrant and it will free you from skin wrinkles. He will also do the work of maintaining elegance. Malta helps prevent infection. It cures inflammatory diseases.

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